People look for four qualities in leadership:

  1. Intelligence/problem solver
  2. Conflict mediator
  3. Reliable in principle or values
  4. Pragmatic/get things done

Interestingly, two factors above were found in non-Western society (60 cultures), and two factors below were found in the Western-democratic community (23 countries). So, we can infer that these four qualities are universal.

What makes these research great? Because it uses data from 60 different cultures. It also first research try to gain insight about leadership quality outside WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic) nations. .

What makes these research great? Because it address new questions, about political views consistency. The method was sophisticated. It also gathered large evidences from 23 countries for 40 years.

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